The Final Battle (Rev. 19:11-21)

John hears a second invitation to a supper, this time a very different supper from the marriage supper of the Lamb, and this time a call to birds of carrion to have a very large meal. It is pictured by use of a description of an ancient battlefield.

We are told the outcome in terms of that kind of situation, not the processes of the battle. John...

Read more: The Final Battle (Rev. 19:11-21)

What the King does (Rev. 19:11-21)

John is given another vision of the war that is taking place between Jesus and his opponents. It is not a literal war – after all Jesus does not ride into battle sitting on a horse. Instead what we have here is a description of Jesus and his eventual victory over all his enemies.

Several interpreters regard this passage as focussing entirely on...

Read more: What the King does (Rev. 19:11-21)

Who is Jesus (Rev. 19:11-21)?


The description of Jesus mentions, among other important details, four names that he has. In this post we will consider those names. The first one is ‘Faithful and True’ and this name reveals his character. He is also called Faithful and True in the description of him in Revelation 3:14, in the message to the church in Laodicea, a church that he ha...

Read more: Who is Jesus (Rev. 19:11-21)?

Called to the marriage of the ages (Revelation 19:6-10)

The angel who has been speaking to John about the wonderful topic of the wedding of the Lamb states a benediction. He says that those who are invited to the marriage supper are blessed. This is not a reference to the general call of the gospel in which everyone is invited to believe in Jesus. Instead the invitations to the marriage feast are sent...

Read more: Called to the marriage of the ages (Revelation 19:6-10)

The attire of the bride (Revelation 19:6-10)

It is helpful when thinking about the details of the marriage supper to realise that the process in view here is how betrothals occurred at that time. An agreement was made regarding the couple; this was followed by a period between then and the actual wedding in which the couple were regarded as husband and wife; and then there was the actual...

Read more: The attire of the bride (Revelation 19:6-10)

Anticipating the Wedding (Rev. 19:6-10)

This vision is connected to the previous one through the contributions of the heavenly choir who celebrated the events described in each. The connection is made by contrasting the prostitute Babylon with the true Bride. Both are described as cities in the Book of Revelation and the activities of each are summarised – the activities of the city of m...

Read more: Anticipating the Wedding (Rev. 19:6-10)

The response of heaven (Revelation 19:1-5)

In 18:20, a call is made to heaven. Is it from those at sea observing the destruction of the city? If so, the call seems to be an admission by them that God has intervened on behalf of his people. It does not seem to indicate a change of mind on their behalf. Rather they have realised which city is on the victory side. Having said that, it is...

Read more: The response of heaven (Revelation 19:1-5)

The destruction of Babylon (Revelation 18)

An angel announced that the day has arrived when this global organisation will be destroyed. He pronounces the complete destruction of this long-lasting city and mentions how people in general, and kings and merchants in particular, benefitted from the provisions of Babylon.

Another voice speaks. The certainty of the coming destruction causes a...

Read more: The destruction of Babylon (Revelation 18)

The cruel city destroyed (Revelation 18)

An angel announced that the day has arrived when this global organisation will be destroyed. He pronounces the complete destruction of this long-lasting city and mentions how people in general, and kings and merchants in particular, benefitted from the provisions of the city.

Another voice speaks. The certainty of the coming destruction causes a...

Read more: The cruel city destroyed (Revelation 18)

The city of man - its influence (Revelation 17)

John was amazed when he saw the woman (v. 6) because of her seeming resilience. His response surprised the angel who was speaking to him. The angel then explained to John what the beast was with seven heads and ten horns signified, and its connection to Babylon.

The seven heads and the ten horns represent kings, with the ten kings having not yet...

Read more: The city of man - its influence (Revelation 17)

Babylon described (Revelation 17)

We noticed when looking at the previous chapter that the seventh bowl was the destruction of Babylon, the city with worldwide influence. The destruction is viewed as coming from heaven as God uses cosmic elements to bring the city to an end. Chapters 17 and 18 enlarge about the destruction and gives further information regarding how Jesus will...

Read more: Babylon described (Revelation 17)

The city of man described (Revelation 17)

We noticed when looking at the previous chapter that the seventh bowl was the destruction of Babylon, the city with worldwide influence. The destruction is viewed as coming from heaven as God uses cosmic elements to bring the city to an end. Chapters 17 and 18 enlarge about the destruction and gives further information regarding how Jesus will...

Read more: The city of man described (Revelation 17)

An unusual beatitude (Rev. 16:15)

Jesus announces this beatitude in the middle of his description of Armageddon. So it is connected to his second coming, which will come suddenly (the picture of a thief breaking into a building is used frequently in the New Testament connection to the second coming of Jesus). The beatitude is a warning to his disciples and he uses the picture of...

Read more: An unusual beatitude (Rev. 16:15)

The plagues (Rev. 16)

The origin of the plagues is shown to be connected to the worship of God in heaven. A heavenly order of process is observed, designed to impress the dignity and the solemnity of the event on those who hear about it. We are reminded here that the source of divine judgement is the holy place where God dwells.

Of course, no real set of bowls can hold...

Read more: The plagues (Rev. 16)

The song beside the sea (Rev. 15)

Because they are in heaven – the place of peace, purity and prospect, they engage in praise. What do they say in their song?

The first detail to observe is that the same battle is fought during the Old and New Testaments. The battle is between the kingdom of God and the kingdom of darkness. Israel had the truth, Egypt was built on a system of lies....

Read more: The song beside the sea (Rev. 15)

The location described (Rev. 15)

The sea of glass surrounds the throne of God (Rev. 4:6). Two ideas are suggested in this description – transparency and peace. Transparency ideally is when one has no defects to hide. God is light and his presence reveals it. There are no hidden agendas. Glass also conveys the sense of calm. This is a reminder that there never is disturbance or a...

Read more: The location described (Rev. 15)

Standing Beside the Sea (Rev. 15-16)

There is a connection between this incident and what happened when the children of Israel were delivered from Egypt. Two obvious links are the song of Moses and the plagues. We are told the meaning of these seven plagues – they are a sign signifying that the outpouring of the wrath of God in human history is coming to a completion. This is a r...

Read more: Standing Beside the Sea (Rev. 15-16)

Four applications (Rev. 14:6-20)

Take a look from above on what is happening below. This is the message of the three angelic announcements. We should ask, what is most important now and what will be most important on the Day of Judgement? Will it be the gospel or will it be the city of man with all its failures or will it be the opinions of the political and religious leaders? A...

Read more: Four applications (Rev. 14:6-20)

The great harvests (Rev. 14:14-20)

Who is described in verse 14? It is obvious that the description is connected to the vision of the Son of Man in Daniel 7. Given that the vision concerns the exaltation of Jesus, it means that we should regard the one like the son of man here as Jesus as he will look on the Day of Judgement. We can see from the description that he will be very...

Read more: The great harvests (Rev. 14:14-20)

Christians here and there (Rev. 14:12-13)

How can we tell a true Christian? Or, to put it another way, what does it mean to endure? It means to live as a servant of God keeping his commandments because it is the path of blessing. And it means remaining loyal to Jesus in all the circumstances of life.

It is not clear whether verse 13 describes Christians in general or if it is a personal...

Read more: Christians here and there (Rev. 14:12-13)

The messages of the three angels (Rev. 14:6-13)

The first angel has a message of good news even although the Day of Judgement is about to happen.  This is a reminder that sinners will be saved even shortly before Jesus returns. Who is this message of hope designed for? We see from verse 6 that it is for everyone. Here is evidence that the Lord is not willing that any should perish.

The...

Read more: The messages of the three angels (Rev. 14:6-13)

Pure for ever (Rev. 14:1-5)

The 144,000, when they are said to be virgins, are contrasted with the type of people who thronged pagan temples. To us who have never seen such behaviour the contrast might seem unusual. But it would be an obvious one at that time. Pagan temples were well-known for their immoral practices. Obviously, such behaviour was offensive to God. Several...

Read more: Pure for ever (Rev. 14:1-5)

The people who praise (Rev. 14:1-5)

John describes believers as being a specific number who were sealed with a special branding on their foreheads. Back in chapter 7, God had sealed 144,000 before the period of troubles that John described in chapter 6. The period of troubles was that between the two comings of Jesus. In chapter 7, he had also described the outcome of the period of...

Read more: The people who praise (Rev. 14:1-5)

The Lamb on Mount Zion (Rev. 14:1-5)

The location where the 144,000 are gathered is Mount Zion. In the Old Testament, Mount Zion was the place of power where David had established his throne. It is not difficult for us to see here a reminder that the Son of David, whom David had sung about in Psalm 89, was in charge, seated on the throne of God. Although looking by sight does not...

Read more: The Lamb on Mount Zion (Rev. 14:1-5)

Think of heaven (Rev. 14:1-5)

In chapter 13, John had described the activities of the two beasts which represented the political and religious powers ranged against the church of Christ. This combination shows itself in different ways. In the days of John, the political authority was Rome and the religious activities that were engaged in supported the authority in Caesar....

Read more: Think of heaven (Rev. 14:1-5)

The two beasts and us (Rev. 13)

What lessons can we learn from what John describes when detailing the activities of the two beasts? Here are four.

First, it would be possible to deduce from what is said about the two beasts that Christians should avoid all expressions of political power and religion. Yet elsewhere the Bible makes clear that Christians can participate in the...

Read more: The two beasts and us (Rev. 13)

The Second Beast (Rev. 13)

The role of the second beast is to ensure that the first beast remains in charge. It looks like a lamb, yet speaks like the devil (the dragon). The main function of the second beast is deception and it does this by a combination of the miraculous and the oppressive.

We can see the miraculous in the signs it performs and we can see the oppression in...

Read more: The Second Beast (Rev. 13)

The First Beast (Rev. 13)

In this chapter, John describes two ferocious beasts. One came from the sea and the other from the earth. I would suggest that John in referring to their origins says they belong to this creation, to the fallen world. The details given of each beast indicate that the first is mainly political and the second is mainly religious. Both beasts...

Read more: The First Beast (Rev. 13)

The exaltation of Jesus (Rev 12)

It is obvious that Jesus, in sending the vision to John, wanted him to share with other believers the situation in heaven as they were suffering on earth. First, they should remember that the Father took Jesus to the heavenly throne. The idea behind ‘caught up’ is that of a rapid snatch, but he was not taken there to escape the troubles of earth, a...

Read more: The exaltation of Jesus (Rev 12)

The Dragon (Rev. 12)

It would have been common knowledge in the church that the devil was the enemy of their souls. What does John want them to see from this unusual vision of their enemy? First, John would want them to remember that although the devil is only a creature he does possess unusual abilities (seven heads, with eyes that can see in lots of directions, and...

Read more: The Dragon (Rev. 12)

The woman (Rev. 12)

Who is the woman or what does she represent? The description of the woman is that of a glorious person with great authority. She shines like the sun because indwelt by God, and her authority is more than earthly because the moon is her footstool. The crowns she is wearing are not so much crowns of royalty as crowns of victory. At the same time,...

Read more: The woman (Rev. 12)

© (2017) greyfriarschurch.org